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Johann Baptist Schweitzer

Born in Pécs, Hungary in 1790, Schweitzer is regarded as one of the finest makers of the Viennese school. Hungary was a joint part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at that time, and he studied in Vienna with Franz Geissenhof before returning to Budapest in 1825 where he remained until his death in 1865. He was one of the first makers to adopt a more academical approach to classical models, and emulated Stradivari and Amati patterns with some authenticity, a stark contrast to the steadily degenerating Stainer models then in widespread use. Some especially fine cellos appear to be based on a Serafin model. Through his pupils and assistants, including Gabriel Lemböck, Anton Sitt, Jan Baptista Dvorák, Samuel Nemessányi and Thomas Zach (who eventually succeeded to his business), Schweitzer was an immense influence on the next generation of makers in Austria, Hungary and Czechoslovakia.

Johann Baptist Schweitzer

(b Vienna, 1790; d Budapest, 1865)

Born in Pécs, Hungary in 1790, Schweitzer is regarded as one of the finest makers of the Viennese school. Hungary was a joint part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at that time, and he studied in Vienna with Franz Geissenhof before returning to Budapest in 1825 where he remained until his death in 1865. He was one of the first makers to adopt a more academical approach to classical models, and emulated Stradivari and Amati patterns with some authenticity, a stark contrast to the steadily degenerating Stainer models then in widespread use. Some especially fine cellos appear to be based on... Read more

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